Profile – Wim de Vries

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Professor Wim de Vries

Job Title:

Professor Integrated nutrient impact modelling


Phone Number:

+31 317-486514


Google Scholar Profile


Prof. Dr. Ir. Wim de Vries is a principal research scientist at Wageningen University and Research in the field of soil chemistry with special reference to soil acidification, nutrient cycling, greenhouse gas emissions and heavy metal pollution. He is also professor at the Environmental Systems Analysis Group of Wageningen University where he holds the chair “Integrated nutrient impact modelling”. His research is organized around impacts of the elevated use of nutrients in agriculture on soil and water quality, greenhouse gas emissions, productivity and plant species diversity of terrestrial ecosystems and related critical loads.
He is component leader of a global scale GEF/UNEP funded Integrated project entitled “Towards an International Nitrogen Management System” (‘Towards INMS’) with 72 participating institutes (2016-present).

Research Areas:

  • Modelling nitrogen and phosphorous cycling through agricultural systems
  • Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture
  • Impacts of nitrogen inputs on soil acidification
  • Impacts of nutrient deposition on carbon sequestration, plant species diversity

Current N-related Projects:

  • Fate of nitrogen, phosphorus and metals and impacts on food, soil and water quality (EEA)
  • Assessment of spatially explicit needed and critical input levels of nitrogen in agriculture within EU-27 (Fertilizers Europe)
  • Global & regional quantification of N use, flows, impacts & benefits of practices (GEF, towards INMS)
  • Options for closing mineral imbalances in carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in Dutch agriculture (Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs)
  • Role of slow release fertilizers in reducing negative impacts of nitrogen deposition on Dutch oak forests (Dutch Nature organisations)
  • Developing a guidance system for the sustainable harvest of forests in view of nutrient balances (Dutch forestry organisations)


De Vries, W., E. Du, K. Butterbach Bahl, L. Schulte Uebbing and F. Dentener, 2017. Global-scale impact of human nitrogen fixation on greenhouse gas emissions. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780199389414.013.13.
Lugato, E., L. Paniagua, A. Jones, W. de Vries, A. Leip, 2017. Complementing the top soil information of the Land Use/Land Cover Area Frame Survey (LUCAS) with modelled N2O emissions. PLoS ONE 12(4): e0176111.
Van Dobben, H. F. and de Vries, W., 2017. The contribution of nitrogen deposition to the eutrophication signal in understorey plant communities of European forests. Ecology and Evolution 7: 214–227.
Zeng, M., W. de Vries, L.T.C Bonten, Q. Zhua, T. Hao, X. Liu, F. Zhang and J. Shen, 2017. Model-based analysis of the long-term effects of fertilization management on cropland soil acidification. Environmental Science and Technology 51 (7): 3843–3851.
Du, E., W. de Vries, W. Han, X. Liu, Z. Yan and Y. Jiang, 2016. Imbalanced phosphorus and nitrogen deposition in China’s forests. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 8571–8579.
Kros, J., J.P. Mol-Dijkstra, G.W.W. Wamelink, G.J. Reinds, A. van Hinsberg and W. de Vries, 2016. Modelling changes in soil acidity, nitrogen status and plant species diversity in natural ecosystems in response to changes in acid deposition and hydrology. Ecological processes 5 (1), 22.
Zhu, Q., W. de Vries, X. Liu, M. Zeng, T Hao, E Du, F. Zhang and J. Shen, 2016. The contribution of atmospheric deposition and forest harvesting to forest soil acidification in China since 1980. Atmospheric Environment 146: 215-222.
De Vries, W., J. Kros, M.A. Dolman, Th.V. Vellinga, H.C. de Boer, M.P.W. Sonneveld and J. Bouma, 2015. Environmental impacts of innovative dairy farming systems aiming at improved internal nutrient cycling: a multi-scale assessment. Science of the Total Environment 536: 432–442.
Kros, J., M.M. Bakker, P. Reidsma, A. Kanellopoulos, S. Jamal Alam and W. de Vries, 2015. Impacts of agricultural changes in response to climate and socio economic change on nitrogen deposition in nature reserves. Landscape Ecology 30:871–885.
Leip, A., G. Billen, J. Garnier, B. Grizzetti, L. Lassaletta, S. Reis, D. Simpson, M.A. Sutton, W. de Vries, F. Weiss and H. Westhoek, 2015. Impacts of European Livestock Production: nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and greenhouse gas emissions, land-use, water eutrophication and biodiversity. Environ. Res. Lett. 10 (2015) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/11/115004.
Steffen, W., K. Richardson, J. Rockström, S.E. Cornell, I. Fetzer, E.M. Bennett, R. Biggs, S.R. Carpenter, W. de Vries, C.A. de Wit, C. Folke, D. Gerten, J. Heinke, G.M. Mace, L.M. Persson, V. Ramanathan, B. Reyers, S. Sörlin, 2015. Planetary Boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet. Science 347, 1259855 (2015). DOI: 10.1126/science.1259855.
Van Grinsven, J J.M., J.W. Erisman, W. de Vries, H. Westhoek, 2015. Potential of extensification of European agriculture for a more sustainable food system; the case for nitrogen and livestock. Environ. Res. Lett. 10 (2015) 025002 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/2/025002.
Webber, H., G. Zhao, J. Wolf, W. Britz, W. de Vries, T. Gaiser, H. Hoffmann and F. Ewert, 2015. Climate change impacts on European crop yields: do we need to consider nitrogen limitation?. Europ. J. Agronomy 71: 123–134.
De Vries, W., 2014. Nutrients trigger carbon storage. Nature climate change 4: 425-426.
De Vries, W., M.H. Dobbertin, S. Solberg, H. van Dobben and M. Schaub, 2014. Impacts of acid deposition, ozone exposure and weather conditions on forest ecosystems in Europe: an overview. Plant and Soil 380 (1): 1-45.
De Vries, W, E. Du and K. Butterbach-Bahl, 2014. Short and long-term impacts of nitrogen deposition on carbon sequestration by forest ecosystems. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 9–10: 90–104.
Du, E., W. de Vries, J. N. Galloway, X. Hu, J. Fang, 2014. Changes in wet nitrogen deposition in the United States between 1985 and 2012. Environ. Res. Lett. 9 095004 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/9/095004.
Du, E., Y. Jiang, J. Fang and W. de Vries, 2014. Inorganic nitrogen deposition in China’s forests: status and characteristics. Atmospheric Environment: 474-482.
Granath, G., J. Limpens, M. Posch, S. Mücher and W. de Vries, 2014. Spatio-temporal trends of nitrogen deposition and climate effects on Sphagnum productivity in European peatlands. Environmental Pollution 187: 73-80.
Cameron, D., M. van Oijen, C. Werner, K. Butterbach-Bahl, E. Haas, G.B.M. Heuvelink, R. Grote, R. Kiese, M. Kuhnert, J. Kros, A. Leip, H. I. Reuter, G.J. Reinds, M.J. Schelhaas, W. de Vries and J. Yeluripati, 2013. Environmental change impacts on the C- and N-cycle of European forests: a model comparison study. Biogeosciences 10: 1751–1773.
De Vries, W., J. Kros, C. Kroeze and S.P. Seitzinger, 2013. Assessing planetary and regional nitrogen boundaries related to food security and adverse environmental impacts. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5:392–402.
Erisman, J.W., J. Galloway, S. Seitzinger, A. Bleeker, N.B. Dise, R. Petrescu, A. M. Leach and W. de Vries, 2013. Consequences of human modification of the global nitrogen cycle. Phil. Trans R. Soc. B 368: 20130116.
Kros, J.,T.J.A. Gies, J.C. Voogd, R. Smidt and W. de Vries, 2013. Efficiency of agricultural measures to reduce nitrogen deposition on Natura 2000 sites. Environmental Science & Policy, 32: 68 – 79.
Sutton, M. A., S. Reis, S. N. Riddick, U. Dragosits, E. Nemitz, M.R. Theobald, Y. S. Tang, C. F. Braban, M. Vieno, A. J. Dore, R. F. Mitchell, S. Wanless, F. Daunt, D. Fowler,T.D. Blackall, C. Milford, C.R. Flechard, B. Loubet, R. Massad, P. Cellier, P. F. Coheur, L. Clarisse, M. van Damme, Y. Ngadi, C. Clerbaux, C. A. Skjoth, C. Geels, O. Hertel, R.J. Wickink Kruit, R.W. Pinder, J.O. Bash, J.D. Walker, D. Simpson, L. Horvath, T.H. Misselbrook, A. Bleeker, F. Dentener and W. de Vries, 2013. Toward a climate-dependent paradigm of ammonia emission & deposition. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 368: 20130166.
Kros, J., G.B.M. Heuvelink, G.J. Reinds, J.P. Lesschen, V. Ioannidi and W. de Vries, 2012. Uncertainties in model predictions of nitrogen fluxes from agro-ecosystems in Europe. Biogeosciences 9: 4573-4588.
Reinds, G.J., G. M. Heuvelink, G., T. Hoogland, J. Kros and W. de Vries, 2012. Estimating nitrogen fluxes at the European scale by upscaling INTEGRATOR model outputs from selected sites. Biogeosciences 9: 4527-4536.
Sonneveld, M.P.W., J.A. de Vos, J. Kros, M. Knotters, A. Bleeker, A. Hensen, A. Frumau, A. Bleeker and W. de Vries, 2012. Assessment of N and P status at the landscape scale using environmental models and measurements. Environmental Pollution 162: 168-175.
De Vries, W. and M. Posch, 2011. Modelling the impact of nitrogen deposition, climate change and nutrient limitations on tree carbon sequestration in Europe for the period 1900–2050. Environmental Pollution 159: 2289-2299.
De Vries, W., P. Cellier, J. W. Erisman and M.A. Sutton, 2011. Assessment of nitrogen fluxes to air and water from site scale to continental scale: an overview. Environmental Pollution 159: 3143-3148.
De Vries, W., A. Leip, G. J. Reinds, J. Kros, J. P. Lesschen and A.F. Bouwman, 2011. Comparison of land nitrogen budgets for European agriculture by various modeling approaches. Environmental Pollution 159: 3253–3267.
De Vries, W., J. Kros, G. J. Reinds and K. Butterbach-Bahl, 2011. Quantifying impacts of nitrogen use in European agriculture on global warming potential. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 3: 291–302.
Leip, A.,W. Britz, F. Weiss and W. de Vries, 2011. Farm, Land, and Soil nitrogen budgets for Agriculture in Europe calculated with CAPRI. Environmental Pollution 159: 3242–3252.
Leip, A., M. Busto, M. Corazza, P. Bergamaschi, R. Koeble, R. Dechow, S. Monni and W. de Vries, 2011. Estimation of N2O fluxes at the regional scale: data, models, challenges. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 3: :328–338.
Lesschen, J.P., G.L. Velthof, W. de Vries and J. Kros, 2011. Differentiation of nitrous oxide emission factors for agricultural soils. Environmental Pollution 159: 3215–3222.
Bobbink, R., K. Hicks, J. Galloway, T. Spranger, R. Alkemade, M. Ashmore, M. Bustamante, S. Cinderby, E. Davidson, F. Dentener, B. Emmett, J.W Erisman, M. Fenn, F. Gilliam, A. Nordin, L. Pardo and W. de Vries, 2010. Global Assessment of Nitrogen Deposition Effects on Terrestrial Plant Diversity: a synthesis. Ecological Applications, 20 (1): 30–59.
De Vries, W., G.W.W. Wamelink, H. van Dobben, J. Kros, G. J. Reinds, J..P Mol-Dijkstra, S.M. Smart, C. D. Evans, E.C. Rowe, S. Belyazid, H.U. Sverdrup, A. van Hinsberg, M.Posch, J.P. Hettelingh, T. Spranger and R. Bobbink, 2010. Use of dynamic soil-vegetation models to assess impacts of nitrogen deposition on plant species composition and to estimate critical loads: an overview. Ecological Applications, 20 (1): 60–79.
De Vries, W., J. P. Lesschen, D.A. Oudendag, J. Kros, J.C. Voogd, E. Stehfest and A.F. Bouwman, 2010. Impacts of model structure and data aggregation on European wide predictions of nitrogen and greenhouse gas fluxes in response to changes in livestock, land cover and land management. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7, No. S1: 145–157.
Hensen, A., A. Bleeker, J.W. Erisman, A. Syakila, C. Kroeze, J. Kros,W. de Vries, K. Sanders. Two N-visualisation tools: game versus reality. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7, No. S1: 289-299.
Kros, J., W. de Vries, G. J. Reinds, J. P. Lesschen and G.L. Velthof, 2010. Assessment of the impact of various mitigation options on nitrous oxide emissions caused by the agricultural sector in Europe. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7, No. S1: 223–234.
Nol, L., G. B. M. Heuvelink, A. Veldkamp, W. de Vries and J. Kros, 2010. Uncertainty propagation analysis of an N2O emission model at the plot and landscape scale. Geoderma 159 (1-2): 9-23.
Reinds, G.J. and W. de Vries, 2010. Uncertainties in critical loads and target loads of sulphur and nitrogen for European forests: analysis and quantification. Science of the total Environment 408:1960–1970.
Van Dobben, H and W. de Vries, 2010. Relation between forest vegetation, site conditions and atmospheric deposition at regional and European scale. Environmental Pollution 158:921–933.
De Vries, W., S. Solberg, M. Dobbertin, H. Sterba, D. Laubhann, M. van Oijen, C. Evans, P. Gundersen, J. Kros, G.W.W. Wamelink, G.J Reinds and M.A. Sutton, 2009. The impact of nitrogen deposition on carbon sequestration by European forests and heathlands. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1814-1823.
Dise, N.B., J.J. Rothwell, V. Gauci, C. van der Salm and W de Vries, 2009. Predicting nitrate leaching in European forests using two independent databases. Science of the total Environment 407 (5): 1798 – 1808.
Laubhann, D, H. Sterba, G.J. Reinds and W. de Vries, 2009. The impact of atmospheric deposition and climate on forest growth in European monitoring plots: An empirical tree growth model. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1751-1761.
Nol, L., G. B. M. Heuvelink, W. de Vries, J. Kros, E. J. Moors and P. H. Verburg, 2009. Effect of temporal resolution on N2O emission inventories in Dutch fen meadows. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23, GB4003, doi:10.1029/2008GB003378.
Reinds, G.J., M. Posch and W. de Vries, 2009. Modelling the long-term soil response to atmospheric deposition at intensively monitored forest plots in Europe. Environmental Pollution 157:1258–1269.
Solberg, S., M. Dobbertin, G.J. Reinds, K. Andreassen, H. Lange, P. Garcia Fernandez, A. Hildingsson and W. de Vries, 2009. Analyses of the impact of changes in atmospheric deposition and climate on forest growth in European monitoring plots: A stand growth approach. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1735-1750.
Wamelink, G.W. W., H. F. van Dobben, J. P. Mol-Dijkstra, E. P.A.G. Schouwenberg, J. Kros, W. de Vries and F Berendse, 2009. Effect of nitrogen deposition reduction on biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1774-1779.
Wamelink, G.W.W., R. Wieggers, G.J. Reinds, J. Kros, J. P. Mol-Dijkstra, M. van Oijen and W. de Vries, 2009. Modelling impacts of changes in carbon dioxide concentration, climate and nitrogen deposition on growth and carbon sequestration of Intensive Forest Monitoring plots in Europe. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1794-1805.
De Vries, W., S. Solberg, M. Dobbertin, H. Sterba, D. Laubhann, G.J. Reinds, G.J. Nabuurs and P. Gundersen, 2008. Ecologically implausible carbon response?. Nature 451: E1-E3.
Sutton, M. A., D. Simpson, P.E. Levy, R. I. Smith, S. Reis, M. van Oijen and W. de Vries, 2008. Uncertainties in the relationship between atmospheric nitrogen deposition and forest carbon sequestration. Global Change Biology 14, 2057–2063.