Profile – Wim de Vries

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Professor Wim de Vries

Job Title:

Professor Integrated nutrient impact modelling


Phone Number:

+31 317-486514


Google Scholar Profile


Prof. Dr. Ir. Wim de Vries is a principal research scientist at Wageningen University and Research in the field of soil chemistry with special reference to soil acidification, nutrient cycling, greenhouse gas emissions and heavy metal pollution. He is also professor at the Environmental Systems Analysis Group of Wageningen University where he holds the chair “Integrated nutrient impact modelling”. His research is organized around impacts of the elevated use of nutrients in agriculture on soil and water quality, greenhouse gas emissions, productivity and plant species diversity of terrestrial ecosystems and related critical loads.
He is component leader of a global scale GEF/UNEP funded Integrated project entitled “Towards an International Nitrogen Management System” (‘Towards INMS’) with 72 participating institutes (2016-present).

Research Areas:

  • Modelling nitrogen and phosphorous cycling through agricultural systems
  • Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture
  • Impacts of nitrogen inputs on soil acidification
  • Impacts of nutrient deposition on carbon sequestration, plant species diversity

Current N-related Projects:

  • Fate of nitrogen, phosphorus and metals and impacts on food, soil and water quality (EEA)
  • Assessment of spatially explicit needed and critical input levels of nitrogen in agriculture within EU-27 (Fertilizers Europe)
  • Global & regional quantification of N use, flows, impacts & benefits of practices (GEF, towards INMS)
  • Options for closing mineral imbalances in carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in Dutch agriculture (Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs)
  • Role of slow release fertilizers in reducing negative impacts of nitrogen deposition on Dutch oak forests (Dutch Nature organisations)
  • Developing a guidance system for the sustainable harvest of forests in view of nutrient balances (Dutch forestry organisations)



Amelung, A., D. Bossio, W. de Vries, I. Kögel-Knabner, J. Lehmann, R. Amundson, P. Baveye, R. Bol, C. Collins, R. Lal, J. Leifeld, B. Minasny, G. Pan, C. Rumpel, J. Sanderman, J.W. van Groenigen, B van Wesemael, M. Wander and A. Chabbi, 2020. Towards a global-scale soil climate mitigation strategy. Nat Commun 11, 5427 (2020).

De Vries, W. and L. Schulte-Uebbing, 2020. Required changes in nitrogen inputs and nitrogen use efficiencies to reconcile agricultural productivity with water and air quality objectives in the EU-27. Proceedings 842 of the International Fertiliser Society, 39 pp.

De Vries, W., A. de Jong, J. Kros and J. Spijker, 2020. Use of soil nutrient balances in deriving forest biomass harvesting guidelines in dependence of region, tree species and soil type. Forest Ecol and Man. 479.

Etzold, S., M. Ferretti, G. J. Reinds, S. Solberg, A. Gessler, P. Waldner, M. Schaub, D. Simpson, S. Benham, K. Hansen, M. Ingerslev, M. Jonard, P-E. Karlsson, A-J. Lindroos, A. Marchetto, M. Manninger, H. Meesenburg, P. Merilä, P. Nöjd, P. Rautio, T. Sanders, W. Seidling, M. Skudnik, A, Thimonier, A. Verstraeten, L Vesterdal, M. Vejpustkova and W. de Vries, 2020. Nitrogen deposition is the most important environmental driver of growth of pure, even aged and managed European forests. Forest Ecology and Management 458,

Flechard, C.R., A. Ibrom, U.M. Skiba, W. de Vries, M. van Oijen, D.R. Cameron, N.B.Dise, J.F.J. Korhonen, N. Buchmann, A. Legout, D. Simpson, M.J. Sanz, M. Aubinet, D. Loustau, L. Montagnani, J. Neirynck, I.A. Janssens, M. Pihlatie, R. Kiese, J. Siemens, A.-J. Francez, J. Augustin, A. Varlagin, J. Olejnik, R. Juszczak, M. Aurela, B.H. Chojnicki, U. Dämmgen, V. Djuricic, J. Drewer, W. Eugster, Y. Fauvel, D. Fowler, A. Frumau, A. Granier, P. Gross, Y. Hamon, C. Helfter, A. Hensen, L. Horváth, B. Kitzler, B. Kruijt, W. L. Kutsch, R. Lobo-do-Vale, A. Lohila, B. Longdoz, M.V. Marek, G. Matteucci, M. Mitosinkova, V. Moreaux, A. Neftel, J. –M. Ourcival, K. Pilegaard, G. Pita, F. Sanz, J.K. Schjoerring, M. –T. Sebastià, Y.S. Tang, H. Uggerud, M. Urbaniak, N. van Dijk, T. Vesala, S. Vidic, C. Vincke, T.Weidinger, S. Zechmeister-Boltenstern, K. Butterbach-Bahl, E. Nemitz and M.A. Sutton, 2020 Carbon/nitrogen interactions in European forests and semi-natural vegetation. Part I: Fluxes and budgets of carbon, nitrogen and greenhouse gases from ecosystem monitoring and modelling. Biogeosciences 17: 1583–1620.

Flechard, C.R., M. van Oijen, D.R. Cameron, W. de Vries, A. Ibrom, N. Buchmann, N.B. Dise, I.A. Janssens, J. Neirynck, L. Montagnani, A. Varlagin, D. Loustau, A. Legout, K. Ziemblinska, M. Aubinet, M. Aurela, B.H. Chojnicki, J. Drewer, W. Eugster, A.-J. Francez, R. Juszczak, B. Kitzler, W. L. Kutsch, A. Lohila, B. Longdoz, G. Matteucci, V. Moreaux, A. Neftel, J. Olejnik, M.J. Sanz, J. Siemens, T. Vesala, C. Vincke, E. Nemitz, S. Zechmeister-Boltenstern, K. Butterbach-Bahl, U.M Skiba and M.A. Sutton, 2020. Carbon/nitrogen interactions in European forests and semi-natural vegetation. Part II: Untangling climatic, edaphic, management and nitrogen deposition effects on carbon sequestration potentials. Biogeosciences 17: 1621–1654.

Ge, X., M. Schaap, R. Kranenburg, A. Segers, G.J. Reinds, J. Kros and W. de Vries, 2020. Modeling Atmospheric Ammonia using Agricultural Emissions with Improved Spatial Variability and Temporal Dynamics. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 20, 16055–16087.

Hao, T., Q. Zhu, M. Zeng, J. Shen, S. Shi, X. Liu, F.S. Zhang and W. de Vries, 2020. Impacts of nitrogen fertilizer type and application rate on soil acidification rate under a wheat-maize double cropping system. Journal of Environmental Management 270. 110888

Kanter, D.R., W. Winiwarter, B. L. Bodirsky, A.F. Bouwman, E. Boyer, S. Buckle, J.E. Compton, T. Dalgaard, W. de Vries, D. Leclere, A. Leip, C. Müller, A. Popp, N. Raghuram, S. Rao, M.A. Sutton, H. Tian, H. Westhoek, X. Zhang and M. Zurek, 2020. A framework for nitrogen futures in the shared socioeconomic pathways. Global Environmental Change 61 102029.

Lade, S.J, W. Steffen, W. de Vries, S.R. Carpenter, J. F. Donges, D. Gerten, H. Hoff, T. Newbold, K. Richardson and J. Rockström, 2020. Human impacts on planetary boundaries amplified by Earth system interactions. Nature Sustainability 3: 119–128

Li, T., W. Zhang, H. Cao, H. Ying, Q. Zhang, S. Ren, Z. Liu, Y. Yin, W. Qin, C. Wei; Z. Cui, X. Liu, X. Ju, O. Oenema, W. de Vries, F.S. Zhang, 2020. Region-specific nitrogen management indexes for sustainable cereal production in China. Environ. Res. Commun. 2 (2020) 075002.

Rodrigo-Comino, J., López-Vicente, M., Kumar, V., Rodríguez-Seijo, A., Valkó, O., Rojas, C., Pourghasemi, H.R., Salvati, L., Bakr, N., Vaudour, E., Brevik, E.C., Radziemska, M., Pulido, M., Di Prima, S., Dondini, M., de Vries, W., Santos, E.S., Mendonça-Santos, M. de L., Yu, Y., Panagos, P., 2020. Soil Science Challenges in a New Era: A Transdisciplinary Overview of Relevant Topics. Air, Soil and Water Research 13: 1-1, 1178622120977491.

Ros, G.H., M. Luleva and W. de Vries, 202. Soil analysis is pivotal for fertilizer recommendations: Comment on “Soil based, field specific fertilizer recommendations are a pipe-dream” by A.G.T. Schut and K.E. Giller. Geoderma https:/

Schmitt, E. and W. de Vries, 2020. Potential benefits of using insect frass as a soil amendement on food production and for environmental impact reduction. Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry 25: 100335.

Wamelink, G.W.W, J.P. Mol-Dijkstra, G.J. Reinds, J.C. Voogd, L.T.C. Bonten, M. Posch, S.M. Hennekens and W. De Vries, 2020. Prediction of plant species occurrence as affected by nitrogen deposition and climate change on a European scale. Environmental pollution 266

Xia, N., E. Du, X. Wu, Y. Tang, Y. Wang and W. de Vries, 2020. Effects of nitrogen addition on soil methane uptake in global forest biomes. Environmental Pollution 264, 114751

Xu, D., A. Carswell, Q. Zhu, F. Zhang and W, de Vries, 2020. Modelling long-term impacts of fertilization and liming on soil acidification at Rothamsted experimental station. Science of the total Environment

Young, M., G.H. Ros and W. de Vries, 2020. A decision support framework assessing management impacts on crop yield, soil carbon changes and nitrogen losses to the environment. European Journal of Soil Science

Zhu, Q., X. Liu, T. Hao, M. Zeng, J. Shen, F. Zhang and W. de Vries, 2020. Cropland acidification increases risk of yield losses and food insecurity in China. Environmental pollution 256


Clark, C.M., J. Richkus, P.W. Jones, J. Phelan, D.Burns, W. de Vries, E. Du, M. Fenn, L. Jones and S. Watmough, 2019. A synthesis of ecosystem management strategies for forests in the face of chronic nitrogen deposition. Environmental Pollution, 248: 1046-1058.

Du, E., M.E. Fenn, W. de Vries, Y.S. Ok, 2019. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to global forests: Status, impacts and management options. Environmental Pollution 250: 1044 -1048.

Hao, T., Q. Zhu, M. Zeng, J. Shen, X. Shi, X. Liu, F.S. Zhang and W. de Vries, 2019. Quantification of the contribution of nitrogen fertilization and crop harvesting to soil acidification in a wheat-maize double cropping system. Plant and Soil, 434: 167 – 184.

Schmitz, A., T. Sanders, A. Bolte, F. Bussotti, T. Dirnböck, J. Johnson, J. Peñuelas, M. Pollastrini, A.-K. Prescher, J. Sardans, A. Verstraeten and W. de Vries, 2019. Responses of forest ecosystems in Europe to decreasing nitrogen deposition. Environmental Pollution 244: 980-994.

Wang, X., G. Daigger, W. de Vries, C. Kroeze, M. Yang, N.-Q. Ren, J. Liu and D. Butler, 2019. Impact hotspots of reduced nutrient discharge shift across the globe with population and dietary changes. Nature Communications 10, 2627.

Willett, W., J. Rockström, B. Loken, M. Springmann, T. Lang, S. Vermeulen, T. Garnett, D. Tilman, A. Wood, F. DeClerck, M. Jonell, M. Clark, L. Gordon, J. Fanzo, C. Hawkes, R. Zurayk, J.A. Rivera, W. de Vries, L.M. Sibanda, A. Afshin, A. Chaudhary, M. Herrero, R. Agustina, F. Branca, A. Lartey, S. Fan, B. Crona, E. Fox, V. Bignet, M. Troell, T. Lindahl, S. Singh, S.E. Cornell, S. Reddy, S. Narain, S. Nishtar and C.J.L. Murray, 2019. Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. Lancet 393(10170): 447-492.


De Vries, 2018. Soil carbon 4 per mille: a good initiative but let’s manage not only the soil but also the expectations. Geoderma 309: 111–112.

Du, E. and W. de Vries, 2018. Nitrogen-induced new net primary production and carbon sequestration in global forests. Environmental Pollution, 242: 1476-1487.

Du, E., W. de Vries, S. McNulty and M. E. Fenn, 2018. Bulk deposition of base cationic nutrients in China’s forests: annual rates and spatial characteristics. Atmospheric Environment 184: 121-128.

Kros, J., N.J. Hutchings, I.T. Kristensen, I. Sillebak Kristensen, C. D, Børgesen, J.C. Voogd, T. Dalgaard and W. de Vries, 2018. A comparison of disaggregated nitrogen budgets for Danish agriculture using Europe-wide and national approaches. Science of the total Environment 643: 890–901.

Midolo, G., R. Alkemade, A.M. Schipper, A.Benítez-López, M.P. Perring and W de Vries, 2018. Impacts of nitrogen addition on plant species richness and abundance: A global meta-analysis. Global Ecology and Biogeography:

Schulte-Uebbing, L. and Vries, 2018. Global-scale impacts of nitrogen deposition on tree carbon sequestration in tropical, temperate and boreal forests: A meta-analysis. Glob Change Biol. 2018: 416-431.

Schwede, D.B., D. Simpson, J. Tan, J.S. Fu, F. Dentener, E. Du and W. de Vries, 2018. Spatial variation of modelled total, dry and wet nitrogen deposition on forests at global scale. Environmental Pollution 243: 1287–1301.

Springmann, M., M. Clark, D. Mason-D’Croz, K. Wiebe, B.L. Bodirsky, L. Lassaletta, W. de Vries, S.J Vermeulen, M. Herrero, K.M. Carlson, M. Jonell, M. Troell, F. DeClerck, L.J. Gordon, R. Zurayk, P. Scarborough, M. Rayner, B. Loken, J. Fanzo, H.CJ. Godfray, G.D. Tilman, J. Rockström and W. Willett, 2018. Changes in food management, technology and diets to stay within planetary boundaries. Nature 562: 519–525.

Zhu, Q., X. Liu, T. Hao, M. Zeng, J. Shen, F. Zhang, and W. de Vries, 2018a. Modeling soil acidification in typical Chinese cropping systems. Science of the Total Environment 613–614: 1339–1348.

Zhu, Q., W. de Vries, X. Liu, T. Hao, M. Zeng, J. Shen and F.S Zhang, 2018b. Enhanced acidification in Chinese croplands as derived from element budgets in the period 1980-2010. Science of the total Environment 618: 1497–1505.


De Vries, W., M. Posch, D. Simpson and G. J. Reinds, 2017. Modelling long-term impacts of changes in climate, nitrogen deposition and ozone exposure on carbon sequestration of European forest ecosystems. Science of the total Environment 605-606: 1097–1116.

De Vries, W., E. Du, K. Butterbach Bahl, L. Schulte-Uebbing and F. Dentener, 2017. Global-scale impact of human nitrogen fixation on greenhouse gas emissions. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. doi 10.1093/acrefore/9780199389414.013.13.

Dong, D., E. Du, Z. Sun, X. Zeng and W. de Vries, 2017. Non-linear direct effects of acid rain on leaf photosynthetic rate of terrestrial plants. Environmental Pollution 231: 1442 -1445.

Du, E., D. Dong, X. Zeng, Z. Sun, X. Jiang and W. de Vries, 2017. Direct effect of acid rain on leaf chlorophyll content of terrestrial plants in China. Science of the total Environment 605–606: 764-769.

Lugato, E., L. Paniagua, A. Jones, W. de Vries, A. Leip, 2017. Complementing the top soil information of the Land Use/Land Cover Area Frame Survey (LUCAS) with modelled N2O emissions. PLoS ONE 12(4): e0176111.

Van Dobben, H. F. and de Vries, W., 2017. The contribution of nitrogen deposition to the eutrophication signal in understorey plant communities of European forests. Ecology and Evolution 7: 214–227.

Zeng, M., W. de Vries, L.T.C Bonten, Q. Zhua, T. Hao, X. Liu, F.S.and J. Shen, 2017. Model-based analysis of the long-term effects of fertilization management on cropland soil acidification. Environmental Science and Technology 51 (7): 3843–3851.

Zhang, Y., W. de Vries, X. Hao and X. Shi, 2017. Impacts of long-term nitrogen fertilization on acid buffer rates and buffer mechanisms of a slightly calcareous clay soil. Geoderma 305: 92–99.

Zimmermann, A., H. Webber, G. Zhao, F. Ewert, J. Kros, J. Wolf, W. Britz and W. de Vries, 2017. Climate change impacts on crop yields, land use and environment in response to crop sowing dates and thermal time requirements. Agricultural Systems 157: 81–92.


Du, E., W. de Vries, W. Han, X. Liu, Z. Yan and Y. Jiang, 2016. Imbalanced phosphorus and nitrogen deposition in China’s forests. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 8571–8579.

Heuvelink, G.B.M., J. Kros, G. J. Reinds and W. de Vries, 2016. Geostatistical prediction and simulation of European soil property maps. Geoderma Regional 7: 201-215.

Kros, J., J.P. Mol-Dijkstra, G.W.W. Wamelink, G.J. Reinds, A. van Hinsberg and W. de Vries, 2016. Modelling changes in soil acidity, nitrogen status and plant species diversity in natural ecosystems in response to changes in acid deposition and hydrology. Ecological processes 5 (1), 22.

Kroeze, C., S. Gabbert, N. Hofstra, B. Koelmans, A. Li, A. Löhr, F. Ludwig, M. Strokal, C. Verburg, L. Vermeulen, M. van Vliet, W. de Vries, M. Wang and J van Wijnen, 2016. Global Modelling of Surface Water Quality: a Multi-Pollutant Approach. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 23:35–45.

Van der Salm, C., J. Kros and W. de Vries, 2016. Evaluation of different approaches to describe the sorption and desorption of phosphorus in soils on experimental data. Science of the Total Environment 571: 292–306.

Zhu, B., J. Kros, J.P. Lesschen, I.G. Staritsky and W. de Vries, 2016. Assessment of uncertainties in greenhouse gas emission profiles of livestock sectors in Africa, Latin America and Europe. Regional Environmental Change 16 (6), 1571-1582.

Zhu, Q., W. de Vries, X. Liu, M. Zeng, T Hao, E Du, F.S.and J. Shen, 2016. The contribution of atmospheric deposition and forest harvesting to forest soil acidification in China since 1980. Atmospheric Environment 146: 215-222.


De Vries, W., J. Kros, M.A. Dolman, Th.V. Vellinga, H.C. de Boer, M.P.W. Sonneveld and J. Bouma, 2015. Environmental impacts of innovative dairy farming systems aiming at improved internal nutrient cycling: a multi-scale assessment. Science of the Total Environment 536: 432–442.

Du, E., W. de Vries, X. Liu, J. Fang, J. N Galloway and Y. Jiang, 2015. Spatial boundary of urban ‘acid islands’ in China. Nature Scientific Reports 5:12625 | DOI: 10.1038/srep12625.

Kros, J., M.M. Bakker, P. Reidsma, A. Kanellopoulos, S. Jamal Alam and W. de Vries, 2015. Impacts of agricultural changes in response to climate and socio economic change on nitrogen deposition in nature reserves. Landscape Ecology 30:871–885.

Leip, A., G. Billen, J. Garnier, B. Grizzetti, L. Lassaletta, S. Reis, D. Simpson, M.A. Sutton, W. de Vries, F. Weiss and H. Westhoek, 2015. Impacts of European Livestock Production: nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and greenhouse gas emissions, land-use, water eutrophication and biodiversity. Environ. Res. Lett. 10 (2015) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/11/115004.

Reidsma, P., M.B. Bakker, A. Kanellopoulos, S.J. Alam, W. Paas, J. Kros and W. de Vries, 2015. Sustainable agricultural development in a rural area in the Netherlands? Assessing impacts of climate and socio-economic change at farm and landscape level. Agricultural Systems 141:160–173.

Steffen, W., K. Richardson, J. Rockström, S.E. Cornell, I. Fetzer, E.M. Bennett, R. Biggs, S.R. Carpenter, W. de Vries, C.A. de Wit, C. Folke, D. Gerten, J. Heinke, G.M. Mace, L.M. Persson, V. Ramanathan, B. Reyers, S. Sörlin, 2015. Planetary Boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet. Science 347, 1259855 (2015). DOI: 10.1126/science.1259855.

Van Grinsven, J J.M., J.W. Erisman, W. de Vries, H. Westhoek, 2015. Potential of extensification of European agriculture for a more sustainable food system; the case for nitrogen and livestock. Environ. Res. Lett. 10 (2015) 025002 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/2/025002.

Webber, H., G. Zhao, J. Wolf, W. Britz, W. de Vries, T. Gaiser, H. Hoffmann and F. Ewert, 2015. Climate change impacts on European crop yields: do we need to consider nitrogen limitation?. Europ. J. Agronomy 71: 123–134.

Wolf, J., A. Kanellopoulos, J. Kros, H. Webber, G. Zhao, W. Britz, G. J. Reinds, F. Ewert and W. de Vries, 2015 Combined analysis of climate, technological and price changes on future arable farming systems in Europe. Agricultural Systems 140: 56–73.


De Vries, W., 2014. Nutrients trigger carbon storage. Nature climate change 4: 425-426.

De Vries, W., M.H. Dobbertin, S. Solberg, H. van Dobben and M. Schaub, 2014. Impacts of acid deposition, ozone exposure and weather conditions on forest ecosystems in Europe: an overview. Plant and Soil 380 (1): 1-45.

De Vries, W, E. Du and K. Butterbach-Bahl, 2014. Short and long-term impacts of nitrogen deposition on carbon sequestration by forest ecosystems. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 9–10: 90–104.

Du, E., W. de Vries, J. N. Galloway, X. Hu, J. Fang, 2014. Changes in wet nitrogen deposition in the United States between 1985 and 2012. Environ. Res. Lett. 9 095004 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/9/095004.

Du, E., Y. Jiang, J. Fang and W. de Vries, 2014. Inorganic nitrogen deposition in China’s forests: status and characteristics. Atmospheric Environment: 474-482.

Glaesner, N., K. Helming and W. de Vries, 2014. Do Current European Policies Prevent Soil Threats and Support Soil Functions?. Sustainability 6, 9538-9563.

Granath, G., J. Limpens, M. Posch, S. Mücher and W. de Vries, 2014. Spatio-temporal trends of nitrogen deposition and climate effects on Sphagnum productivity in European peatlands. Environmental Pollution 187: 73-80.


Baeten, L., K.Verheyen, C.Wirth, H.Bruelheide, F.Bussotti, L.Finér, B.Jaroszewicz, F.Selvi, F. Valladares, E. Allan, E. Ampoorter, H. Auge, D.Avăcăritei, L.Barbaro, I. Bărnoaiea, J. Bauhus, C. Beinhoff, R. Benavides, A. Benneter, S. Berger, F. Berthold, J. Boberg, D. Bonal, W. Brüggemann, M. Carnol, B. Castagneyrol, Y. Charbonnier, E. Chećko, D. Coomes, A. Coppi, E. Dalmaris, G. Dănilă, S.M. Dawud, W. De Vries, H. De Wandeler, M. Deconchat, T. Domisch, G. Duduman, M. Fischer, M. Fotelli, T.E. Gimeno, A. Granier, C. Grossiord, V. Guyot, L. Hantsch, S. Hattenschwiler, A. Hector, M. Hermy, V. Holland, H. Jactel, J. Koricheva, M. Lexer, S. Müller, B. Muys, D. Nguyen, L. Nichiforel, T.C.E. Paine, M. Pollastrini, K. Radoglou, K. Raulund-Rasmussen, P. Ruiz Benito, J. Stenlid, L. Vesterdal, K. von Wilpert, M.A. Zavala, M. Scherer-Lorenzen, 20213. A novel comparative research platform designed to determine the functional significance of forest tree diversity in Europe. Persp. Plant Ecol. Evol. & Syst 15: 281– 291

Cameron, D., M. van Oijen, C. Werner, K. Butterbach-Bahl, E. Haas, G.B.M. Heuvelink, R. Grote, R. Kiese, M. Kuhnert, J. Kros, A. Leip, H. I. Reuter, G.J. Reinds, M.J. Schelhaas, W. de Vries and J. Yeluripati, 2013. Environmental change impacts on the C- and N-cycle of European forests: a model comparison study. Biogeosciences 10: 1751–1773.

Danielewska, A., E. Paoletti, N. Clarke, J. Olejnik, M. Urbaniak, M. Baran, P. Siedlecki, K. Hansen, L. Lundin, W. de Vries, T. N. Mikkelsen, S. Dillen and R. Fischer, 2013. Toward integration of research and monitoring at forest sites in Europe. Forest systems 22(3): 535-545.

Danielewska, A., N. Clarke, J. Olejnik, K. Hansen, W. de Vries, L. Lundin, J.P. Tuovinen, R. Fischer, M. Urbaniak and E. Paoletti, 2013. A meta-database comparison from various European Research Networks dedicated to forest sites. iForest, doi: 10.3832/ifor0751-006.

De Vries, W. and M.J. McLaughlin, 2013. Modeling the cadmium balance in Australian agricultural systems in view of possible impacts on food quality. Science of the Total Environment 461-462: 240–257.

De Vries, W., J. Kros, C. Kroeze and S.P. Seitzinger, 2013. Assessing planetary and regional nitrogen boundaries related to food security and adverse environmental impacts. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5:392–402.

Erisman, J.W., J. Galloway, S. Seitzinger, A. Bleeker, N.B. Dise, R. Petrescu, A. M. Leach and W. de Vries, 2013. Consequences of human modification of the global nitrogen cycle. Phil. Trans R. Soc. B 368: 20130116.

Kros, J.,T.J.A. Gies, J.C. Voogd, R. Smidt and W. de Vries, 2013. Efficiency of agricultural measures to reduce nitrogen deposition on Natura 2000 sites. Environmental Science & Policy, 32: 68 – 79.

Schulp, C.J.E., P.H. Verburg, P. J. Kuikman, G.J. Nabuurs, J.G.J. Olivier, W. de Vries, and A Veldkamp, 2013. Improving national-scale carbon stock inventories using knowledge on land use history. Environmental Management 51:709–723.

Sutton, M. A., S. Reis, S. N. Riddick, U. Dragosits, E. Nemitz, M.R. Theobald, Y. S. Tang, C. F. Braban, M. Vieno, A. J. Dore, R. F. Mitchell, S. Wanless, F. Daunt, D. Fowler,T.D. Blackall, C. Milford, C.R. Flechard, B. Loubet, R. Massad, P. Cellier, P. F. Coheur, L. Clarisse, M. van Damme, Y. Ngadi, C. Clerbaux, C. A. Skjoth, C. Geels, O. Hertel, R.J. Wickink Kruit, R.W. Pinder, J.O. Bash, J.D. Walker, D. Simpson, L. Horvath, T.H. Misselbrook, A. Bleeker, F. Dentener and W. de Vries, 2013. Toward a climate-dependent paradigm of ammonia emission & deposition. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 368: 20130166.


Groenenberg, J.E., J.J. Dijkstra, L.T.C. Bonten, W. de Vries and R.N.J. Comans, 2012. Evaluation of the performance and limitations of empirical partition-relations and process based multisurface models to predict trace element solubility in soils. Environmental Pollution 166: 98-107.

Hutchings, N.J., G.J. Reinds, A. Leip, M. Wattenbach, J.F. Bienkowski, T. Dalgaard, U. Dragosits, J.L. Drouet, P. Durand, O. Maury and W. de Vries, 2012. A model for simulating the timelines of field operations at a European scale for use in complex dynamic models. Biogeosciences, 9, 4487-4496.

Kros, J., G.B.M. Heuvelink, G.J. Reinds, J.P. Lesschen, V. Ioannidi and W. de Vries, 2012. Uncertainties in model predictions of nitrogen fluxes from agro-ecosystems in Europe. Biogeosciences 9: 4573-4588.

Matyssek, R., G. Wieser, C. Calfapietra, W. de Vries, P. Dizengremel, D. Ernst, Y. Jolivet, T.N. Mikkelsen, G.M.J. Mohren, D. LeThiec, J.-P. Tuovinen, A. Weatherall and E. Paoletti, 2012. Forests under Climate Change and Air Pollution: Gaps in Understanding and Future Directions for Research. Environmental Pollution 160: 57-65.

Reinds, G.J., G. M. Heuvelink, G., T. Hoogland, J. Kros and W. de Vries, 2012. Estimating nitrogen fluxes at the European scale by upscaling INTEGRATOR model outputs from selected sites. Biogeosciences 9: 4527-4536.

Sonneveld, M.P.W., J.A. de Vos, J. Kros, M. Knotters, A. Bleeker, A. Hensen, A. Frumau, A. Bleeker and W. de Vries, 2012. Assessment of N and P status at the landscape scale using environmental models and measurements. Environmental Pollution 162: 168-175.


Bonten, L.T.C., J. E Groenenberg and W. de Vries, 2011. Using advanced surface complexation models for modelling soil chemistry under forests: Solling forest, Germany. Environmental Pollution 159: 2831-2839.

Clarke N., R. Fischer, W. de Vries, L. Lundin, E. Paoletti, P. Merilä, G. Matteucci, M. Mirtl, D. Simpson and T. Vesala T, 2011. Availability, accessibility, quality and comparability of monitoring data for European forests for use in air pollution and climate change science. iForest Biogeosciences and forestry 4: 162-166.

De Vries, W. and M. Posch, 2011. Modelling the impact of nitrogen deposition, climate change and nutrient limitations on tree carbon sequestration in Europe for the period 1900–2050. Environmental Pollution 159: 2289-2299.

De Vries, W., M.J. Mc Laughlin and J.E Groenenberg, 2011. Transfer functions for solid solution partitioning of cadmium for Australian soils. Environmental Pollution 159: 3583-3594.

De Vries, W., P. Cellier, J. W. Erisman and M.A. Sutton, 2011. Assessment of nitrogen fluxes to air and water from site scale to continental scale: an overview. Environmental Pollution 159: 3143-3148.

De Vries, W., A. Leip, G. J. Reinds, J. Kros, J. P. Lesschen and A.F. Bouwman, 2011. Comparison of land nitrogen budgets for European agriculture by various modeling approaches. Environmental Pollution 159: 3253–3267.

De Vries, W., J. Kros, G. J. Reinds and K. Butterbach-Bahl, 2011. Quantifying impacts of nitrogen use in European agriculture on global warming potential. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 3: 291–302.

Fischer R., W. Aas, W. de Vries, N. Clarke, P. Cudlin, D. Leaver, L. Lundin, G. Matteucci, R. Matyssek, T. Mikkelsen, M. Mirtl, Y. Öztürk, D. Papale, N. Potocic, D. Simpson, J-P. Tuovinen, T. Vesala, G. Wieser, and E. Paoletti, 2011. Towards a transnational system of supersites for forest monitoring and research in Europe – an overview on present state and future recommendations. iForest Biogeosciences and forestry 4: 167-171.

Kros, J., K.F.A Frumeau, A. Hensen and W. de Vries, 2011. Integrated analysis of the effects of agricultural management on environmental quality at landscape scale. Environmental Pollution 159: 3170–3181.

Leip, A.,W. Britz, F. Weiss and W. de Vries, 2011. Farm, Land, and Soil nitrogen budgets for Agriculture in Europe calculated with CAPRI. Environmental Pollution 159: 3242–3252.

Leip, A., M. Busto, M. Corazza, P. Bergamaschi, R. Koeble, R. Dechow, S. Monni and W. de Vries, 2011. Estimation of N2O fluxes at the regional scale: data, models, challenges. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 3: :328–338.

Lesschen, J.P., G.L. Velthof, W. de Vries and J. Kros, 2011. Differentiation of nitrous oxide emission factors for agricultural soils. Environmental Pollution 159: 3215–3222.


Bobbink, R., K. Hicks, J. Galloway, T. Spranger, R. Alkemade, M. Ashmore, M. Bustamante, S. Cinderby, E. Davidson, F. Dentener, B. Emmett, J.W Erisman, M. Fenn, F. Gilliam, A. Nordin, L. Pardo and W. de Vries, 2010. Global Assessment of Nitrogen Deposition Effects on Terrestrial Plant Diversity: a synthesis. Ecological Applications, 20 (1): 30–59.

Brus, D.J., W. de Vries and J.J. de Gruijter, 2010. A sampling strategy for estimating annual fluxes of chemical elements from forest soils. Geoderma 159: 399–408.

De Vries, W., G.W.W. Wamelink, H. van Dobben, J. Kros, G. J. Reinds, J..P Mol-Dijkstra, S.M. Smart, C. D. Evans, E.C. Rowe, S. Belyazid, H.U. Sverdrup, A. van Hinsberg, M.Posch, J.P. Hettelingh, T. Spranger and R. Bobbink, 2010. Use of dynamic soil-vegetation models to assess impacts of nitrogen deposition on plant species composition and to estimate critical loads: an overview. Ecological Applications, 20 (1): 60–79.

De Vries, W., J. P. Lesschen, D.A. Oudendag, J. Kros, J.C. Voogd, E. Stehfest and A.F. Bouwman, 2010. Impacts of model structure and data aggregation on European wide predictions of nitrogen and greenhouse gas fluxes in response to changes in livestock, land cover and land management. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7, No. S1: 145–157.

De Vries, W., H.J.J. Wieggers and D.J. Brus, 2010. Impacts of sampling design and estimation methods on nutrient leaching of intensively monitored forest plots in the Netherlands. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 12: 1515 – 1523.

Groenenberg, J.E., P.F.A.M. Römkens, R.N.J. Comans, J. Luster, T. Pampura, L. Shotbolt, E.Tipping and W. de Vries, 2010. Transfer functions for solid solution partitioning of cadmium, copper, nickel, lead and zinc: Derivation of relations for free metal ion activities and validation on independent data. European Journal of Soil Science 61: 58–73.

Hensen, A., A. Bleeker, J.W. Erisman, A. Syakila, C. Kroeze, J. Kros,W. de Vries, K. Sanders. Two N-visualisation tools: game versus reality. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7, No. S1: 289-299.

Kros, J., W. de Vries, G. J. Reinds, J. P. Lesschen and G.L. Velthof, 2010. Assessment of the impact of various mitigation options on nitrous oxide emissions caused by the agricultural sector in Europe. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7, No. S1: 223–234.

Nol, L., G. B. M. Heuvelink, A. Veldkamp, W. de Vries and J. Kros, 2010. Uncertainty propagation analysis of an N2O emission model at the plot and landscape scale. Geoderma 159 (1-2): 9-23.

Reinds, G.J. and W. de Vries, 2010. Uncertainties in critical loads and target loads of sulphur and nitrogen for European forests: analysis and quantification. Science of the total Environment 408:1960–1970.

Van Dobben, H and W. de Vries, 2010. Relation between forest vegetation, site conditions and atmospheric deposition at regional and European scale. Environmental Pollution 158:921–933.


De Vries, W., 2009. Assessment of the relative importance of nitrogen deposition and climate change on the sequestration of carbon by forests in Europe: an overview. Forest Ecology and Management 258: vii–x.

De Vries, W., S. Solberg, M. Dobbertin, H. Sterba, D. Laubhann, M. van Oijen, C. Evans, P. Gundersen, J. Kros, G.W.W. Wamelink, G.J Reinds and M.A. Sutton, 2009. The impact of nitrogen deposition on carbon sequestration by European forests and heathlands. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1814-1823.

De Vries, W. and J.E. Groenenberg, 2009. Evaluation of approaches to calculate critical metal loads for forest soils. Environmental Pollution 157: 3422-3432.

De Vries, W., G.J. Reinds and M.F.P Bierkens, 2009. Assessment of the optimal time interval for repeated soil surveys at intensively monitored forest plots. Journal of Environmental monitoring 11: 2009-2021.

Dise, N.B., J.J. Rothwell, V. Gauci, C. van der Salm and W de Vries, 2009. Predicting nitrate leaching in European forests using two independent databases. Science of the total Environment 407 (5): 1798 – 1808.

Laubhann, D, H. Sterba, G.J. Reinds and W. de Vries, 2009. The impact of atmospheric deposition and climate on forest growth in European monitoring plots: An empirical tree growth model. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1751-1761.

Mol-Dijkstra, J. P., G. J. Reinds, J.Kros, B. Berg and W. de Vries, 2009. Modelling soil carbon sequestration of intensively monitored in forest plots in Europe by three different approaches. Forest Ecology and Management 258:1780–1793.

Neumann, K., B. S. Elbersen, P. H. Verburg. I. Staritsky, M. Pérez Soba, W. de Vries and W. A. Rienks, 2009. Modelling the spatial distribution of livestock in Europe. Landscape ecology 24:1207–1222.

Nol, L., G. B. M. Heuvelink, W. de Vries, J. Kros, E. J. Moors and P. H. Verburg, 2009. Effect of temporal resolution on N2O emission inventories in Dutch fen meadows. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23, GB4003, doi:10.1029/2008GB003378.

Posch, M. and W. de Vries, 2009. Dynamic Modelling of Heavy Metals – Time Scales and Target Loads. Environmental Modelling & Software 24: 86–95.

Pussinen, A., Nabuurs, G.J., R. Wieggers, G.J. Reinds, G.W.W. Wamelink, J. Kros, J. P. Mol-Dijkstra and W. de Vries, 2009. Modelling long term impacts of environmental change on mid- and high-latitude European forests and options for adaptive forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1806-1813.

Reinds, G.J., M. Posch and W. de Vries, 2009. Modelling the long-term soil response to atmospheric deposition at intensively monitored forest plots in Europe. Environmental Pollution 157:1258–1269.

Solberg, S., M. Dobbertin, G.J. Reinds, K. Andreassen, H. Lange, P. Garcia Fernandez, A. Hildingsson and W. de Vries, 2009. Analyses of the impact of changes in atmospheric deposition and climate on forest growth in European monitoring plots: A stand growth approach. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1735-1750.

Wamelink, G.W. W., H. F. van Dobben, J. P. Mol-Dijkstra, E. P.A.G. Schouwenberg, J. Kros, W. de Vries and F Berendse, 2009. Effect of nitrogen deposition reduction on biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1774-1779.

Wamelink, G.W.W., R. Wieggers, G.J. Reinds, J. Kros, J. P. Mol-Dijkstra, M. van Oijen and W. de Vries, 2009. Modelling impacts of changes in carbon dioxide concentration, climate and nitrogen deposition on growth and carbon sequestration of Intensive Forest Monitoring plots in Europe. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1794-1805.


De Vries, W., S. Solberg, M. Dobbertin, H. Sterba, D. Laubhann, G.J. Reinds, G.J. Nabuurs and P. Gundersen, 2008. Ecologically implausible carbon response?. Nature 451: E1-E3.

De Vries, W., P.F.A.M. Römkens and L.T.C. Bonten, 2008. Spatially explicit integrated risk assessment of present soil concentrations of cadmium, lead, copper and zinc in the Netherlands. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 191:199–215.

Reinds, G.J., M. Posch, W. de Vries, J. Slootweg and J.-P. Hettelingh, 2008. Critical loads of sulphur and nitrogen for terrestrial ecosystems in Europe and Northern Asia influenced by different soil chemical criteria. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 193:269–287.

Sutton, M. A., D. Simpson, P.E. Levy, R. I. Smith, S. Reis, M. van Oijen and W. de Vries, 2008. Uncertainties in the relationship between atmospheric nitrogen deposition and forest carbon sequestration. Global Change Biology 14, 2057–2063.